Donald Trump threatens Iran’s nuclear deal
Editorial. If Iran comes out of the Vienna accord, the international community could end up with a kind of second North Korea on its hands.
Editorial of the ” World “. Donald Trump presents a particular danger in international affairs: he does not read his files. He does not know them. He decides on his own intuitions, on what his entourage says, or on the radical criterion that guides a good part of his action: undo all that Barack Obama has achieved. So is the agreement on the control of the Iranian nuclear program signed in July 2015. This is not serious.
In 2016, during his election campaign, Mr. Trump had promised to “tear” this document, which is, of course, described as “the worst deal ever signed by the United States”. Mr. Trump never said what he did not like in this text (which, it is true, exceeds the 140 signs of a Tweet). He never denounced any particular clause, pointed to a specific flaw, in short given the slightest indication that he had spent five minutes studying the Vienna agreement – concluded between Iran, on the one hand, Germany, China, the United States, France, Great Britain and Russia, on the other.
Mr. Trump confined himself to repeating, with superlatives, the denunciation of the agreement by the Republican right, which itself had no motivation other than to oppose, in all and on all, to Mr. Obama. This agreement is not perfect. But it imposes limits on the Iranian nuclear project. It bans Tehran from enriching uranium, which would open the way to the militarization of its program. It subjects Iran to a strict surveillance regime for its nuclear installations by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). On the other hand, the economic sanctions imposed – either at the UN or bilaterally – by both sides against Iran must be gradually lifted.
M. Trump can be argued that the spirit of the agreement should bring the Islamic Republic to limit the development of its arsenal of ballistic missiles or to moderate its policy Middle East, it did not. These reservations are justified. But, as it stands, the agreement has been respected by Iran, and the IAEA has certified it on several occasions.
Politics qualified as irresponsible
Mr. Trump nevertheless decided to torpedo him. If its administration had to play the game of a partial lifting of sanctions – renewed last week – it is only “temporary”, it is said in Washington. The president wants to impose a drastic renegotiation of the document and force Iran to bear the responsibility for a possible failure, which would allow the United States to resubmit the Islamic Republic to a tight economic embargo. It is less about nuclear power that interests Mr. Trump in this matter than countering the emergence of Iran as a superpower in the Middle East.
All US partners in the Vienna agreement oppose the policy of M. Trump, they call, just as, irresponsible. If Iran leaves the Vienna agreement, it will be free to militarize its nuclear program. The regime of non-proliferation will be a little more shaken. The international community could end up with a kind of second North Korea on their hands.
Mr. Trump asked his colleagues to provide him with arguments against the Vienna agreement. This reminds us of bad memories, when, in 2003, President George W. Bush “solicited” from his administration information against Iraq – even inventing it. We know where this kind of adventure is going.