Iran: Trump keeps nuclear deal but will impose further sanctions
Donald Trump, on Monday, said he would preserve the agreement on the Iranian nuclear program, but the US president will impose new sanctions on Tehran for its ballistic missiles and actions in the Middle East.
Major success of Obama’s diplomacy and success of the international non-proliferation policy, the agreement on the Iranian nuclear, known by its acronym JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action), was signed with great fanfare on July 14, 2015 in Vienna By Iran and the major powers (the United States, Russia, China, France, the United Kingdom and Germany).
While during his campaign candidate Trump promised to “tear” the “worst” agreement ever initialed by the United States, his administration admitted on Monday evening that Tehran “fulfilled the conditions” of the text providing for an international control of the peaceful nature Of the nuclear program in exchange for a gradual lifting of the sanctions that strangle the Iranian economy.
Since this agreement is in force, on January 16, 2016, the US administration has to “certify” it to Congress every 90 days. That is, to attest that Tehran respects the terms.
The Trump government had “certified” it for the first time last April and had to do it again on July 17th. In May, the Republican billionaire had even pursued the policy of Democrat Obama for the lifting of sanctions related to nuclear. However, its administration had launched an ongoing review of its position on the JCPOA in the spring.
But Mr. Trump has for the moment been careful not to get out of this major text for world diplomacy and non-proliferation. A compromise negotiated for three years, after periods of crises that had almost led to war in the 2000s.
The positive decision was widely expected, as Washington did not want to risk losing the other signatory countries. In addition, the JCPOA, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Congratulated Iran on its commitments in June (dismantling two-thirds of its centrifuges. Renouncing 98 % Of its sensitive uranium stock and concreting the core of its heavy water reactor).
But relations with Iran are once again extremely tense. Iranian justice condemned this weekend an American to ten years in prison for “infiltration”.
As a result, the United States has indicated as was the case in May. That further punitive measures would be imposed on Iran for its ballistic missiles and “destabilizing” actions in the Middle East. “We are planning to implement new sanctions related to the Iranian ballistic missile program,” one White House official said.
In addition, the Senate passed a bill in June to punish Tehran for its “support for international terrorist acts”. Since 1984, the State Department has also continued to regard the Shiite regional power as a “state supporting terrorism”.
“Iran remains one of the most dangerous threats to the interests of the United States. And to regional stability”. Said one official of the Trump administration.
The new US president has already taken the opposite of Barack Obama by tightening ties with Saudi Arabia Sunni and calling for “isolating” the Iranian Shiite rival. Washington has accused Tehran for six months of being a regional “threat”. Which “destabilizes” directly or via “terrorist” groups Syria, Iraq, Yemen or Lebanon.
“The President (Trump) and the Secretary of State (Rex Tillerson) believe that these Iranian activities seriously undermine the objective (of the agreement). That should contribute to regional and international peace and security,” said one American framework.
Mohammad Javad Zarif
The head of Iranian diplomacy who visited the United Nations in New York on Monday. Said that the Trump administration was sending “contradictory signals” about the United States’ long term.
Despite being decried at the White House. The JCPOA has many supporters in Washington among Democrats. But also among Republicans, diplomats and soldiers. It has helped to “remove an existential threat to the United States and its allies”. Praised Friday the lobby of Diplomacy Works, founded by former Secretary of State John Kerry.