In Syria, the ambiguities of the “Pax Putina”
Present on all fronts, the Russians have achieved a reduction in violence that consolidates the Assad camp.
Since early summer, Syria has lived in Russia. From the military front to the diplomatic front, through security and humanitarianism, the men of Moscow are everywhere. They are negotiating the de-escalation mechanism in Astana, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and Iran, which has led to a significant reduction in violence in western Syria; they patrolled at the edge of areas under government control and rebel strongholds, in an attempt to consolidate this sketch of appeasement; they distribute humanitarian aid and medicines to the people of both camps; they disentangle; they assisted the pro-Assad troops in the reconquest of Deir Ez-Zor, a city in the Euphrates valley under the aegis of the Islamic State Organization (EI); and they work for a reorganization of the opposition,
After having saved Damascus from a possible defeat in 2015 then suppressed the rebels and wiped out their last hopes by dislodging them from Aleppo in 2016, the Russian military, diplomats and intelligence agents strive to put an end to the devastating conflict Syria for six years.
The withdrawal of the United States, which now concentrates almost exclusively on the fight against the EI, the erasure of the Gulf’s petromonarchies, captured by the war in Yemen and their own dissensions, and the rapprochement of Ankara and Moscow leave them free to shape an exit of crisis to their taste. A sort of “Pax Putina”, named after Russian President Vladimir Putin, whose portrait, eloquent sign, is now confined in public places to those of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his father and predecessor Hafez al-Assad.
“Stop de facto the civil war”